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September 29, 2001

Iran-Lebanon call for finding roots of terrorism

( IRNA ) Hariri called for a clear definition of terrorism adding that given that occupying others' territory fits this definition, struggle for liberating occupied land can not be characterized as terrorism. Full Article

Thoughts of attacker?

( ABSTRACT: NY Times ) Attorney General John D. Ashcroft said today that they had found an Arabic language document belonging to the hijackers that appears to be a spiritual and practical guide to preparing for their attacks.

The four-page handwritten letter was found in the luggage of Mohamed Atta, who was believed to have been a leader of the hijackers, and copies were found in the wreckage of United Airlines Flight 93 in Pennsylvania and in a vehicle at Dulles airport outside Washington that was linked to a hijacker of the jetliner that struck the Pentagon, Mr. Ashcroft said this afternoon. Full Article

Invisible Lives
- N.Y. Relief Efforts Miss the Undocumented

By Martin Espinoza

An unknown number of sub-minimum wage immigrants, most of them undocumented and many from Mexico, either lost their jobs or their lives in the World Trade Center attacks. But their precarious life on the margins of U.S. society makes it difficult for relief efforts to reach them. PNS contributor Martin Espinoza writes regularly on immigration issues from both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border.

New York--Alejandro Fuentes may never see a dime of the millions of dollars Americans are donating to those most affected by the terrorist attacks in Lower Manhattan.

Fuentes (not his real name) is an illegal immigrant from Mexico who worked at a restaurant inside the World Trade Center for $2.50 an hour, plus tips. He was lucky to get out of the financial center before its two largest towers collapsed.

Now unemployed, Fuentes is hard pressed to get back into New York City's underground economy.

Carmen Alvarez (not her real name), another survivor, worked "under the table" as a shoe shiner at The Hartford, a financial services company in a building next to the twin towers. Though Alvarez is in the United States legally -- and thus eligible for unemployment insurance -- she has no way of documenting her income. Company employees paid her in cash.

The only proof she has of working for The Hartford is the company's plastic security card -- and a slew of terrifying memories of fleeing from the chaos of the attacks.

It was not just Lower Manhattan's executives and lawyers, or even union janitors and low-wage shopkeepers, who were affected by the recent disaster. An unknown number of sub-minimum wage immigrants like Alvarez and Fuentes, most of them undocumented and many from Mexico, either lost their jobs or their lives. Full Article

Anti-Terrorist Coalition
Must Include Rogue States and Afghanistan

By Franz Schurmann

A working relationship between Secretary of State Powell and Egyptian president Mubarak could lead the way to a grand coalition that includes not just "straight" and "rogue" states but Afghanistan as well. That could mark the greatest step towards world peace and unity since the UN Charter was signed in San Francisco in June 1945.

As the Bush administration is groping around the debris of September 11, one Middle Eastern leader has emerged whom the White House carefully listens to, Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's president. His message is simple and clear: The only way America can emerge from the crisis is through a truly global anti-terrorist coalition, and that means bringing in the "rogue states" as well.

When Secretary of State Colin Powell visited the Middle East during June-July, his first stop was Cairo to talk with Mubarak. And when Saudi strongman Prince Abdullah chose to meet with Mubarak in Alexandria, he too sought out his Egyptian counterpart for discussions over the troubled Middle East. Egypt has power because of its skills, history and population, but also because it is America's main ally in the Muslim world. And Mubarak effectively rules his country with the support of the military.

In an interview on September 18 with UP International, Mubarak said that if such a global coalition asked the Taliban to surrender Osama bin Laden, they would do so. If, instead, Bush acts on his "for or against us" demand, then any coalition would split apart at its formation.

But the most significant part of the interview was what Mubarak said about the rogue states. "Libya does not house any training camps for terrorists and I firmly believe that Iraq had no part in the attacks in New York and Washington." As for two other rogue states, the Sudan and Syria, Washington fully knows how closely Mubarak has worked with both countries. Full Article